duminică, 13 aprilie 2014

Reason clauses

Reason clauses
In your written and spoken assignments you will often need to answer the question ‘Why?’. When you want to explain why something happens, you can use a reason clause introduced by the conjunctions because, as or since.
  • As she wanted to practise her spoken English, Carrie regularly took part in the ELC’s Big Mouth Corner.
  • Mark joined the English Drama Club because he wanted to improve his intonation.
Don’t use so in sentences beginning with since, as or because. Here is a common mistake:
  • Since he was interested in movies, so David joined the PolyU International Film Society.
You can also use the prepositional phrases because of and on account of to express reason.
  • We were unable to carry out the experiment on account of a malfunction in the computer.
  • We were unable to carry out the experiment because the computer malfunctioned.

Result clauses

Result clauses
When you want to indicate the result of an action or situation, you can use a result clause. Result clauses are introduced by conjunctions such as so, so... that, or suchthat.
  • The lecture was boring and irrelevant, so some of the students began to fall asleep.
  • Peter was having problems with mathematics, so he went to see his tutor to ask for advice.
  • There were so many books on the subject that Cindy didn’t know where to begin.
  • There was such a lot of material to cover that Ivan found it difficult to keep up with his studies.
There are many other ways of talking about the result of an action or situation. In some situations you may prefer to use and as a result or with the result that.
  • The lecture was boring and irrelevant, and as a result some of the students began to fall asleep.
  • The lecture was boring and irrelevant, with the result that some of the students began to fall asleep.
As a result can also be used at the beginning of a new sentence.
  • The lecture was boring and irrelevant. As a result, some of the students began to fall asleep.
The following words and phrases are used in the same way.
Therefore, Thus, In consequence, Consequently, For this/that reason
Causal relations can be expressed by ing-clauses of result.
  • The government increased the duty on wine. As a result, there was a fall in demand.
  • The government increased the duty on wine, resulting in a fall in demand.

Propozita de concesie (concessive clauses)

Concessive clauses are also called contrast clauses. They usually denote some obstacle which does not prevent the realization of the action expressed in the main clause. For example:
  • Although it was very cold and rainy (contrast clause expressing an obstacle), we enjoyed our trip to New York (main clause).
In the above example, the idea expressed in the first clause contrasts with the idea expressed in the second clause.

Subordinators in Contrast Clauses

The first word that introduces the contrast clause in the above example is called a subordinator. In this article, we are going to learn to use some concessive subordinators which you can confidently use in contrast clauses on a regular basis: although, even though, though, while, and whereas. The article will also show you how to use the prepositions in spite of and despite to express contrast, and I shall explain how you can use the adverb however and the conjunction/adverb though to talk about contrast.
But first of all, let me quickly explain how subordinators function. Subordinators are linking words that join clauses to make sentences. They have a big effect on words in sentences. A clause without a subordinator forms a complete statement and can stand alone, while a clause introduced by a subordinator cannot stand alone and therefore forms a statement that is incomplete. For example:
  • It was very cold and rainy.
This sentence forms a complete thought because it is not introduced by a subordinator.
  • Although it was cold and rainy. (the reader or listener wants to know what happens next because the thought is incomplete)
The above statement is incomplete because the first word in it is a subordinator. If you remove this subordinator from the clause, your statement will become complete. This subordinate clause is therefore dependent on the following main clause to complete its meaning:
  • Although it was very cold and rainy (subordinate contrast clause), we enjoyed our trip to London (main clause).
Now the reader or listener is able to fully understand the statement.
A note to remember: Main clauses are never introduced by subordinators and can therefore always form a complete thought. That's why they are also called independent clauses in English grammar.

Although, Though and Even Though

Although, though and even though are subordinators used in contrast clauses. They are also called subordinating conjunctions. They all introduce an idea which contrasts with the main clause. For example:
  • Although Tanya was half asleep, she remembered to set the house alarm.
  • Though Tanya was half asleep, she remembered to set the house alarm.
  • Even though Tanya was half asleep, she remembered to set the house alarm.
The three subordinators have the same meaning; however, though is more common in informal speech than although. Even though is a stonger form of although and though and is definitely more emphatic than although. Let's sum it up: If you want to sound very informal, use though instead of although. If you want to sound very emphatic (concession is made more emphatic by using the modifier even), then you can use even though instead of although and though. The three subordinators always come before the subject and verb in a clause. The although/though/even though clause can come before or after the main clause. One more example:
  • I didn't get the job as an actor although I had all the necessary qualifications.

While and Whereas

We can use while or whereas, which are subordinating conjunctions, to say that something in the subordinate clause contrasts with something in the main clause. The two subordinators are interchangeable and show major contrast. For example:
  • I am quiet and shy (main clause), while my sister is lively and talkative.
  • I am quiet and shy (main clause), whereas my sister is lively and talkative.
The above two sentences express a contrast between two ideas. As you can see, while is not only used to express time; it can also express contrast.The while/whereas clause can come before or after the main clause. One more example:
  • While/Whereas my father is strong and tall, I am short and weak.
While/Whereas don't denote some obstacle which does not prevent the realization of the action in the main clause, but are used to show how one person, thing, or place is different from another.

In spite of and Despite

We can use the prepositions in spite of and despite to talk about contrast. After them you always have to use a noun, a pronoun, or an ing form of a verb (gerund). For example:
  • In spite of the rain(noun), we started to play basketball.
  • Despite the rain (noun), we started to play basketball.
  • In spite of having (gerund) a migraine headache, I decided to go out on a date.
  • Despite having (gerund) a migraine headache, I decided to go out on a date.
In spite of and despite are interchangeable. However, despite is slightly more formal than in spite of. Here you can learn more about the two prepositions.

Though and However

Though is not only a conjunction; if placed at the end of a sentence, it functions as an adverb. In spoken English, we can use though at the end of a sentence to show contrast. For example:
  • The cottage isn't very nice. I like the garden though. (= but I like the garden)
  • I see my neighbors every day. I've never spoken to them though. (= but I've never spoken to them)
In more formal English, the adverb however can be used instead. For example:
  • The cottage isn't very nice. However, I like the garden.
  • I see my neighbors every day. However, I've never spoken to them.

Exercitii propozita de scop

Choose the correct phrase for the following:
  • 1. We worked hard just before Christmas _ we could really enjoy the holiday.

  • 2. John just popped out _ the paper.

  • 3. Take your house keys in case I _ out when you come back.

  • 4. This oven is used _ bread.

  • 5. This bracelet is _ Sarah. It’s her birthday tomorrow.

  • 6. John whispered _ disturb the other passengers on the flight.

Propozita de scop (clauses of purpose)

We use certain clauses to show why somebody does something. These are called clauses of purpose. They are introduced with the following words or expressions:

to + infinitive; David went out to buy a bottle of wine.
in order to/so as to + infinitive (formal); We were asked to say over in order to finish the project.
so that + can/will – used for a present or future reference; Here’s my number so that you can call me if you have a problem.
so that +could/would – used for a past reference; We left early so that we would be able to park close to the stadium.
in case + present tense – present or future reference – Take your hat in case it gets too hot.
in case + past tense – used for past reference – We took an umbrella in case it rained.
for + noun – used to express purpose – We went out for a pizza.
for + -ing – used to express purpose and/or function of something – This function on the air conditioner is for reducing humidity.


For negative purpose we use:
in order not to/so as not to + infinitive – we walked in quietly so as not to wake up the children.
prevent + noun/pronoun + from + ing – I parked the car under a tree to prevent it from getting too hot.

Propozitia relativa (relative clauses)

Relative clauses se folosesc pentru a da informatii despre un anumit subiect fara a incepe o noua propozitie. Astfel, in loc sa ai doua propozitii scurte despartite de virgula, vei introduce un relative pronoun(who, which, whose, whom, that) pentru a le lega. Astfel obtii o propozitie mai complexa dar fluenta, in acelasi timp evitand repetarea unor anumite cuvinte care nu ar face decat sa ingreuneze textul/propozitia. Sa trecem la exemple:
1. Do you know that girl? She has a ponytail.
------> Do you know that girl WHO has a ponytail?
2. He got angry. It surprised me.
------> He got angry, WHICH surprised me.
3. Do you like that girl? Her mother is a nurse.
-------> Do you like the girl WHOSE mother is a nurse?
4.I don't like the table. It stands in the kitchen.
-------> I don't like the table THAT stands in the kitchen.

sâmbătă, 12 aprilie 2014

Stative verbs (verbe care de obicei nu pot fi puse la timp continuu)

'They love it' or 'They are loving it'?
When a verb describes a state and not an action  we do not use the continuous tense. For example, 'play' is an action so we can say 'playing' whereas 'be' is a fixed state which does not change: 'To be, or not to be'.
Grammatically it is not correct to say "Im loving it" even though McDonald's have made this expression famous. 'Love' is a state verb and so we should say "I love it".
State verbs generally fall into 4 groups:
Emotion: love, hate, want, need
Possession: have, own, want, belong
Sense: see, hear, smell, seem
Thought: know, believe, remember
Here are some more examples of state verbs:
State Verbs
doubt dislike understand suspect
loathe own belong know
like need want seem
mean believe forget remember
prefer hate love see

some verbs can be both state and action verbs

Some words can be state verbs and action verbs. The meaning of these verbs is then different. Take a look at these:
'I have a car.'state verb showing possession
'I am having a bath.'action verb which, in this case, means 'taking'.
'I think you are cool.'state verb meaning 'in my opinion'.
'I am thinking about buying a motorbike.'action verb meaning 'considering'.


Causative verbs

Causative structures indicate that one thing or person causes another thing or person to do something or be something.

Examples of causatives

Have (give someone the responsibility to do something)
  • I had John fix the car
  • I had my hair cut
Make (force someone to do something)
  • The teacher made the students work in groups
  • Our boss made us work extra hours
Get (convince or trick someone into doing something)
  • He got the mechanic to repair the machine.
  • She got him to read more.
Let (allow someone do something)
  • Jane let her son go out
  • They let the children play in the yard

Other causative verbs

Other causative verbs include:
allow, help, enable, keep, hold, force, require, persuade

Diferenta dintre "echo tags" si "question tags" (intrebarile disjunctive)

We use echo questions to show interest or surprise. For this purpose, the listener makes a short
question using the auxiliar or helping verb of the statement the speaker has just said.
S: She is visiting relatives at this moment.
L. Is she?
S: They bought a new Television set last week.
L.    Did they?
S: I live in the centre of New York.
L. Do you?
S: Alan´s got a job as a lifeguard.
L. Has he?

These short questions are used to check information. We use a positive statement followed by a negative tag when we expect the answer YES.
E.g. "You are American, aren't you?"
We use a negative statement followed by a positive tag when we expect the answer NO. E.g. "They haven't arrived yet, have they?"

I told you, didn't I?
It'll be sunny tomorrow, won't it?
He can't dive, can he?
They don't eat meat, do they?
She cooks well, doesn't she?
I am slim, aren't I?

vineri, 11 aprilie 2014

Adverbele neregulate din limba engleza

well (bine)  - gradul pozitiv -well
- gradul comparativ – better (mai bine)
- gradul superlativ – the best (cel mai bine)
badly (rau) - gradul pozitiv – badly
- gradul comparativ – worse (mai rau)
- gradul superlativ – the worst (cel mai rau)
much ( mult) - gradul pozitiv – much
- gradul comparativ – more (mai mult)
- gradul superlativ – the most (cel mai mult)
 ittle (putin) - gradul pozitiv – little (putin)
- gradul comparativ – less (mai putin)
- gradul superlativ – the least (cel mai putin)
far (departe) - gradul pozitiv – far (departe)
- gradul comparativ – farther (mai departe)
- gradul superlativ – the farthest (cel mai departe)

Comparatia neregulata a adverbelor in engleza (Exemple):
1.) Mary is singing better than you.She is the best in our class = Mary canta mai bine decat tine. Este cea mai buna din clasa.
2.) He acted worse than last week. It’s his worst performance = El a jucat mai rau decat saptamana trecuta. Este cea mai proasta interpretare a lui.
3.) I worked more than yesterday = Am muncit mai mult decat ieri.
4.) The bus went farther than we expected = Autobuzul a mers mai departe decat ne asteptam.
5.) You do less work day after day = Faci mai putina treaba pe zi ce trece.
6.) I’m walking in the least friendly land in this country = Ma plimb prin cel mai putin prietenos tinut din aceasta tara.

Adjectivele neregulate din limba engleza

Adjectiv Comparativ Superlativ   Exemple
good better the best irregular Maria is the best athlete in the school.
well (healthy) better the best irregular He is still in hospital, but he is better than he was last week.
bad worse the worst irregular You are the worst driver I have ever known.
far further the furthest irregular My house is the furthest one.
far farther the farthest regular My house is the farther one.
old (people in a family) elder the eldest irregular Vasile is my elder brother.
old (general use) older the oldest regular Your teacher is older than my teacher.

Cele mai folosite adjective din limba engleza

Cuvânt Frecvenţă Tip
different 215 (adjective)
used 204 (adjective)
important 160 (adjective)
every 95 (adjective)
large 95 (adjective)
available 94 (adjective)
popular 81 (adjective)
able 74 (adjective)
basic 61 (adjective)
known 60 (adjective)
various 59 (adjective)
difficult 58 (adjective)
several 55 (adjective)
united 55 (adjective)
historical 52 (adjective)
hot 50 (adjective)
useful 49 (adjective)
mental 47 (adjective)
scared 45 (adjective)
additional 41 (adjective)
emotional 35 (adjective)
old 34 (adjective)
political 34 (adjective)
similar 32 (adjective)
healthy 30 (adjective)
financial 29 (adjective)
medical 29 (adjective)
traditional 29 (adjective)
federal 28 (adjective)
entire 27 (adjective)
strong 27 (adjective)
actual 26 (adjective)
significant 24 (adjective)
successful 24 (adjective)
electrical 23 (adjective)
expensive 23 (adjective)
pregnant 23 (adjective)
intelligent 20 (adjective)
interesting 20 (adjective)
poor 20 (adjective)
happy 19 (adjective)
responsible 19 (adjective)
cute 18 (adjective)
helpful 18 (adjective)
recent 18 (adjective)
willing 18 (adjective)
nice 17 (adjective)
wonderful 17 (adjective)
impossible 16 (adjective)
serious 16 (adjective)
huge 15 (adjective)
rare 15 (adjective)
technical 15 (adjective)
typical 15 (adjective)
competitive 14 (adjective)
critical 14 (adjective)
electronic 14 (adjective)
immediate 14 (adjective)
whose 14 (adjective)
aware 13 (adjective)
educational 13 (adjective)
environmental 13 (adjective)
global 13 (adjective)
legal 13 (adjective)
relevant 13 (adjective)
accurate 12 (adjective)
capable 12 (adjective)
dangerous 12 (adjective)
dramatic 11 (adjective)
efficient 11 (adjective)
powerful 11 (adjective)
foreign 10 (adjective)
hungry 10 (adjective)
practical 10 (adjective)
psychological 10 (adjective)
severe 10 (adjective)
suitable 10 (adjective)
numerous 9 (adjective)
sufficient 9 (adjective)
unusual 9 (adjective)
consistent 8 (adjective)
cultural 8 (adjective)
existing 8 (adjective)
famous 8 (adjective)
pure 8 (adjective)
afraid 7 (adjective)
obvious 7 (adjective)
careful 6 (adjective)
latter 6 (adjective)
obviously 6 (adjective)
unhappy 6 (adjective)
acceptable 5 (adjective)
aggressive 5 (adjective)
distinct 5 (adjective)
eastern 5 (adjective)
logical 5 (adjective)
reasonable 5 (adjective)
strict 5 (adjective)
successfully 5 (adjective)
administrative 4 (adjective)
automatic 4 (adjective)
civil 4 (adjective)
former 4 (adjective)
massive 4 (adjective)
southern 4 (adjective)
unfair 4 (adjective)
visible 4 (adjective)
alive 3 (adjective)
angry 3 (adjective)
desperate 3 (adjective)
exciting 3 (adjective)
friendly 3 (adjective)
lucky 3 (adjective)
realistic 3 (adjective)
sorry 3 (adjective)
ugly 3 (adjective)
unlikely 3 (adjective)
anxious 2 (adjective)
comprehensive 2 (adjective)
curious 2 (adjective)
impressive 2 (adjective)
informal 2 (adjective)
inner 2 (adjective)
pleasant 2 (adjective)
sexual 2 (adjective)
sudden 2 (adjective)
terrible 2 (adjective)
unable 2 (adjective)
weak 2 (adjective)
wooden 2 (adjective)
asleep 1 (adjective)
confident 1 (adjective)
conscious 1 (adjective)
decent 1 (adjective)
embarrassed 1 (adjective)
guilty 1 (adjective)
lonely 1 (adjective)
mad 1 (adjective)
nervous 1 (adjective)
odd 1 (adjective)
remarkable 1 (adjective)
substantial 1 (adjective)
suspicious 1 (adjective)
tall 1 (adjective)
tiny 1 (adjective)
more 597 (adjective, adverb)
some 501 (adjective, pronoun, adverb)
one 441 (adjective, noun, pronoun)
all 438 (adjective, pronoun, noun)
many 397 (adjective, noun, pronoun)
most 378 (adjective, noun, adverb)
other 369 (adjective, noun, pronoun)
such 236 (adjective, adverb)
even 223 (adjective, verb, adverb)
new 210 (adjective, adverb)
just 208 (adjective, adverb)
good 201 (adjective, noun, adverb)
any 190 (adjective, adverb)
each 173 (adjective, adverb)
much 165 (adjective, adverb)
own 130 (adjective, verb)
great 126 (adjective, noun, adverb)
another 123 (adjective, pronoun)
same 120 (adjective, pronoun, adverb)
few 117 (adjective, noun, pronoun)
free 115 (adjective, adverb, verb)
right 113 (adjective, adverb, noun)
still 112 (adjective, noun, adverb)
best 108 (adjective, adverb, noun)
public 97 (adjective, noun)
human 92 (adjective, noun)
both 91 (adjective, adverb)
local 90 (adjective, noun)
sure 90 (adjective, adverb)
better 86 (adjective, adverb, noun)
general 85 (adjective, noun)
specific 83 (adjective, noun)
enough 82 (adjective, adverb, interjection)
long 82 (adjective, noun, adverb)
small 81 (adjective, adverb)
less 75 (adjective, adverb, preposition)
high 74 (adjective, noun, adverb)
certain 71 (adjective, pronoun)
little 71 (adjective, adverb)
common 69 (adjective, noun)
next 64 (adjective, adverb, noun)
simple 63 (adjective, noun)
hard 61 (adjective, adverb)
past 60 (adjective, noun, preposition)
big 59 (adjective, noun)
possible 59 (adjective, noun)
particular 58 (adjective, noun)
real 58 (adjective, adverb, noun)
major 53 (adjective, noun, verb)
personal 53 (adjective, noun)
current 52 (adjective, noun)
left 52 (adjective, adverb)
national 52 (adjective, noun)
least 50 (adjective, adverb)
natural 50 (adjective, noun, adverb)
physical 50 (adjective, noun)
short 48 (adjective, adverb, noun)
last 47 (adjective, adverb, noun)
single 45 (adjective, noun, verb)
individual 44 (adjective, noun)
main 42 (adjective, noun)
potential 42 (adjective, noun)
professional 42 (adjective, noun)
international 41 (adjective, noun)
lower 41 (adjective, adverb)
open 41 (adjective, verb, noun)
according 40 (adjective, verb)
alternative 39 (adjective, noun)
special 39 (adjective, noun)
working 39 (adjective, noun)
true 38 (adjective, adverb, verb)
whole 38 (adjective, noun, adverb)
clear 35 (adjective, adverb, verb)
dry 35 (adjective, verb, noun)
easy 35 (adjective, adverb, interjection)
cold 34 (adjective, noun, adverb)
commercial 34 (adjective, noun)
full 34 (adjective, adverb, noun)
low 34 (adjective, noun, adverb)
primary 33 (adjective, noun)
worth 33 (adjective, noun)
necessary 31 (adjective, noun)
positive 31 (adjective, noun)
present 30 (adjective, noun, verb)
close 29 (adjective, adverb, verb)
creative 29 (adjective, noun)
green 28 (adjective, noun, verb)
late 28 (adjective, adverb, noun)
fit 27 (adjective, verb, noun)
glad 27 (adjective, noun)
proper 27 (adjective, adverb, noun)
complex 26 (adjective, noun, verb)
content 26 (adjective, verb, noun)
due 26 (adjective, noun, adverb)
effective 26 (adjective, noun)
middle 26 (adjective, noun)
regular 26 (adjective, noun)
fast 25 (adjective, adverb, verb)
independent 25 (adjective, noun)
original 25 (adjective, noun)
wide 25 (adjective, adverb)
beautiful 24 (adjective, noun, interjection)
complete 24 (adjective, verb)
active 23 (adjective, noun)
negative 23 (adjective, noun, interjection)
safe 23 (adjective, noun)
visual 23 (adjective, noun)
wrong 23 (adjective, adverb, noun)
ago 22 (adjective, adverb)
quick 22 (adjective, adverb, noun)
ready 22 (adjective, verb)
straight 21 (adjective, adverb, noun)
white 21 (adjective, noun, verb)
direct 20 (adjective, adverb, verb)
excellent 20 (adjective, interjection)
extra 20 (adjective, adverb, noun)
junior 20 (adjective, noun)
pretty 20 (adjective, adverb, noun)
unique 20 (adjective, noun)
classic 19 (adjective, noun)
final 19 (adjective, noun)
overall 19 (adjective, adverb, noun)
private 19 (adjective, noun)
separate 19 (adjective, verb, noun)
western 19 (adjective, noun)
alone 18 (adjective, adverb)
familiar 18 (adjective, noun)
official 18 (adjective, noun)
perfect 18 (adjective, verb, noun)
bright 17 (adjective, adverb, noun)
broad 17 (adjective, noun)
comfortable 17 (adjective, noun)
flat 17 (adjective, adverb, noun)
rich 17 (adjective, noun)
warm 17 (adjective, verb)
young 17 (adjective, noun)
heavy 16 (adjective, noun, adverb)
valuable 16 (adjective, noun)
correct 15 (adjective, verb)
leading 15 (adjective, noun)
slow 15 (adjective, adverb, verb)
clean 14 (adjective, adverb, verb)
fresh 14 (adjective, adverb)
normal 14 (adjective, noun)
secret 14 (adjective, noun)
tough 14 (adjective, noun)
brown 13 (adjective, noun, verb)
cheap 13 (adjective, adverb)
deep 13 (adjective, noun, adverb)
objective 13 (adjective, noun)
secure 13 (adjective, verb)
thin 13 (adjective, adverb, verb)
chemical 12 (adjective, noun)
cool 12 (adjective, adverb, noun)
extreme 12 (adjective, noun)
exact 11 (adjective, verb)
fair 11 (adjective, adverb, noun)
fine 11 (adjective, adverb, verb)
formal 11 (adjective, noun, adverb)
opposite 11 (adjective, noun, preposition)
remote 11 (adjective, noun)
total 11 (adjective, noun, verb)
vast 11 (adjective, noun)
lost 10 (adjective, verb, idiom)
smooth 10 (adjective, adverb, verb)
dark 9 (adjective, noun, idiom)
double 9 (adjective, noun, verb)
equal 9 (adjective, noun, verb)
firm 9 (adjective, verb, adverb)
frequent 9 (adjective, verb)
internal 9 (adjective, noun)
sensitive 9 (adjective, noun)
constant 8 (adjective, noun)
minor 8 (adjective, noun, verb)
previous 8 (adjective, idiom)
raw 8 (adjective, noun, idiom)
soft 8 (adjective, noun, adverb)
solid 8 (adjective, noun)
weird 8 (adjective, noun)
amazing 7 (adjective, verb)
annual 7 (adjective, noun)
busy 7 (adjective, verb)
dead 7 (adjective, noun, adverb)
false 7 (adjective, adverb, idiom)
round 7 (adjective, noun, adverb)
sharp 7 (adjective, verb, adverb)
thick 7 (adjective, adverb, noun)
wise 7 (adjective, verb, idiom)
equivalent 6 (adjective, noun)
initial 6 (adjective, noun, verb)
narrow 6 (adjective, verb, noun)
nearby 6 (adjective, adverb)
proud 6 (adjective, idiom)
spiritual 6 (adjective, noun)
wild 6 (adjective, adverb, noun)
adult 5 (adjective, noun)
apart 5 (adjective, adverb)
brief 5 (adjective, noun, verb)
crazy 5 (adjective, noun, idiom)
prior 5 (adjective, noun, idiom)
rough 5 (adjective, noun, adverb)
sad 5 (adjective, noun)
sick 5 (adjective, noun, idiom)
strange 5 (adjective, adverb)
external 4 (adjective, noun)
illegal 4 (adjective, noun)
loud 4 (adjective, adverb)
mobile 4 (adjective, noun)
nasty 4 (adjective, noun)
ordinary 4 (adjective, noun)
royal 4 (adjective, noun)
senior 4 (adjective, noun)
super 4 (adjective, adverb, noun)
tight 4 (adjective, adverb)
upper 4 (adjective, noun)
yellow 4 (adjective, noun, verb)
dependent 3 (adjective, noun)
funny 3 (adjective, noun)
gross 3 (adjective, adverb, verb)
ill 3 (adjective, adverb, noun)
spare 3 (adjective, noun, verb)
sweet 3 (adjective, noun)
upstairs 3 (adjective, noun)
usual 3 (adjective, noun)
brave 2 (adjective, noun, verb)
calm 2 (adjective, noun, verb)
dirty 2 (adjective, verb)
downtown 2 (adjective, adverb, noun)
grand 2 (adjective, noun)
honest 2 (adjective, adverb)
loose 2 (adjective, verb)
male 2 (adjective, noun)
quiet 2 (adjective, noun, verb)
brilliant 1 (adjective, noun)
dear 1 (adjective, noun, adverb)
drunk 1 (adjective, noun)
empty 1 (adjective, verb, noun)
female 1 (adjective, noun)
inevitable 1 (adjective, noun)
neat 1 (adjective, noun)
ok 1 (adjective, adverb, noun)
representative 1 (adjective, noun)
silly 1 (adjective, noun)
slight 1 (adjective, verb, noun)
smart 1 (adjective, verb, noun)
stupid 1 (adjective, noun)
temporary 1 (adjective, noun)
weekly 1 (adjective, adverb, noun)
that 1743 (pronoun, adjective, adverb)
this 864 (pronoun, adjective, adverb)
what 461 (pronoun, adjective, adverb)
which 449 (pronoun, adjective)
time 369 (noun, adjective, verb)
these 344 (pronoun, adjective)
work 224 (noun, adjective, verb)
no 213 (adverb, adjective, noun)
only 208 (adverb, adjective, conjunction)
first 176 (adverb, adjective)
over 170 (preposition, adjective)
business 127 (noun, adjective)
his 125 (pronoun, adjective)
game 117 (noun, adjective, verb)
think 116 (verb, adjective, noun)
after 110 (preposition, adjective, adverb)
life 107 (noun, adjective)
day 98 (noun, adjective)
home 72 (noun, adjective, adverb)
economy 71 (noun, adjective)
away 59 (adverb, adjective)
either 57 (conjunction, adjective)
fat 54 (noun, adjective, verb)
key 54 (noun, adjective, verb)
training 54 (noun, adjective)
top 53 (noun, adjective, verb)
level 51 (noun, adjective, verb)
far 46 (adverb, adjective)
fun 46 (noun, adjective, verb)
house 46 (noun, adjective, verb)
kind 43 (noun, adjective)
future 40 (noun, adjective)
action 37 (noun, adjective)
live 35 (verb, adjective, adverb)
period 35 (noun, adjective)
subject 34 (noun, adjective, adverb)
mean 33 (verb, adjective, noun)
stock 32 (noun, adjective, verb)
chance 31 (noun, adjective, verb)
beginning 30 (noun, adjective, verb)
upset 30 (verb, adjective)
chicken 29 (noun, adjective)
head 29 (noun, adjective, verb)
material 29 (noun, adjective)
salt 29 (noun, adjective, verb)
car 28 (noun, adjective)
appropriate 26 (verb, adjective)
inside 26 (noun, adjective, preposition)
outside 26 (noun, adjective, preposition)
standard 26 (noun, adjective)
medium 22 (noun, adjective)
choice 21 (noun, adjective)
north 19 (noun, adjective, adverb)
square 19 (noun, adjective, adverb)
born 17 (verb, adjective, past particple)
capital 17 (noun, adjective)
shot 17 (noun, adjective)
front 16 (noun, adjective, verb)
living 16 (noun, adjective)
plastic 16 (noun, adjective)
express 15 (verb, adjective, adverb)
mood 15 (noun, adjective)
feeling 14 (noun, adjective)
otherwise 14 (adverb, adjective)
plus 14 (preposition, adjective, noun)
saving 14 (noun, adjective, preposition)
animal 13 (noun, adjective)
budget 13 (noun, adjective, verb)
minute 13 (noun, adjective, verb)
character 12 (noun, adjective, verb)
maximum 12 (noun, adjective)
novel 12 (noun, adjective)
plenty 12 (noun, adjective, adverb)
select 12 (verb, adjective)
background 11 (noun, adjective)
forward 11 (adverb, adjective, noun)
glass 11 (noun, adjective, verb)
joint 11 (noun, adjective, verb)
master 11 (noun, adjective, verb)
red 11 (noun, adjective, idiom)
vegetable 11 (noun, adjective)
ideal 10 (noun, adjective)
kitchen 10 (noun, adjective)
mother 10 (noun, adjective, verb)
party 10 (noun, adjective, verb)
relative 10 (noun, adjective)
signal 10 (noun, adjective, verb)
street 10 (noun, adjective, idiom)
connect 9 (verb, adjective)
minimum 9 (noun, adjective)
sea 9 (noun, adjective, idiom)
south 9 (noun, adjective, adverb)
status 9 (noun, adjective)
daughter 8 (noun, adjective)
hour 8 (noun, adjective, idiom)
trick 8 (noun, adjective, verb)
afternoon 7 (noun, adjective)
gold 7 (noun, adjective)
mission 7 (noun, adjective)
agent 6 (noun, adjective, verb)
corner 6 (noun, adjective, verb)
east 6 (noun, adjective, adverb)
neither 6 (conjunction, adjective, pronoun)
parking 6 (noun, adjective)
routine 6 (noun, adjective)
swimming 6 (noun, adjective)
winter 6 (noun, adjective, verb)
airline 5 (noun, adjective)
designer 5 (noun, adjective)
dress 5 (noun, adjective, verb)
emergency 5 (noun, adjective)
evening 5 (noun, adjective)
extension 5 (noun, adjective)
holiday 5 (noun, adjective, verb)
horror 5 (noun, adjective)
mountain 5 (noun, adjective, idiom)
patient 5 (noun, adjective)
proof 5 (noun, adjective, verb)
west 5 (noun, adjective, adverb)
wine 5 (noun, adjective, verb)
expert 4 (noun, adjective)
native 4 (noun, adjective)
opening 4 (noun, adjective)
silver 4 (noun, adjective, verb)
waste 4 (verb, adjective, noun)
plane 3 (noun, adjective, verb)
leather 2 (noun, adjective, verb)
purple 2 (noun, adjective, verb)
specialist 2 (noun, adjective)
bitter 1 (noun, adjective)
incident 1 (noun, adjective)
motor 1 (noun, adjective, verb)
pretend 1 (verb, adjective)
prize 1 (noun, adjective, verb)
resident 1 (noun, adjective)